Mozhi Malayalam Keyboard Help
Keyboard © 2006 Raj Nair
Using this Keyboard
Complete Keyboard Reference Chart
Related Keyboard Layouts
Download this documentation in PDF format.
This keyboard uses the Mozhi layout to let you type in Malayalam. It is a phonetic keyboard, based on the normal English (QWERTY) keyboard letters. This makes the keyboard easy to use for anybody familiar with Malayalam, or with a normal keyboard.
If a special font is needed for this language, most computers will download it automatically.
Click here to see other keyboard layouts for Malayalam.
Using this Keyboard
The Mozhi keyboard layout was designed to make it easy to type in Malayalam. The characters are arranged according to the closest English consonants and vowels. Most Malayalam characters have both consonant and vowel parts, and each part should be typed separately. The consonant part is always typed before the vowel, no matter where the vowel part is written.
For example, typing i will produce the vowel ഇ. If the i key is typed after a consonant, though, the vowel will be combined with the consonant. For example, typing ki produces കി. If you press Backspace once, only the vowel part will be erased, and you can type a different vowel.
|Language||Phrase||Meaning||Type the following keys|
|Malayalam||മലയാളം||Name of language||malayaaLam|
The On Screen Keyboard shows the 35 normal consonants ക ഖ ഗ ഘ ങ ച ഛ ജ ഝ ഞ ട ഠ ഡ ഢ ണ ത ഥ ദ ധ ന പ ഫ ബ ഭ മ യ ര ല വ ശ ഷ സ ഹ ള ഴ റ, the vowels അ ആ ഇ ഈ ഉ ഊ ഋ എ ഏ ഐ ഒ ഓ ഔ, and the ് mark. There are also numbers and punctuation marks.
Malayalam vowels and consonants are usually combined, so when you type a consonant and a vowel part, they will be joined into one character. If you use the arrow keys to move through the text, you only need to press an arrow key once to move past each character. If you press Delete before (on the left of) a combined consonant and vowel, it will be erased completely, but if you press Backspace after a character, only the vowel part will be erased (even if the vowel part appears before the consonant).
Vowels and Consonants
When you type consonants and vowel parts, you should always type the consonant part first, even when the vowel part appears on the left of the consonant. If you type any of the independent vowels, they will not be combined with consonants. If you want to type just the vowel part, without a consonant, type @, then the vowel. For example, typing e produces എ, while typing @e produces െ.
In Malayalam writing, all the consonants naturally include the vowel sound അ. If you want to write a consonant with no vowel, you need to add the ് mark. With the Mozhi keyboard, this mark is added automatically every time you type a consonant. You can also add the mark by typing ~ right after typing a consonant. After you have typed the ് mark, you cannot type a vowel to combine with that consonant.
Malayalam includes many combined consonants, and these are not on the keyboard. To type a combined consonant, type the first consonant, then the second consonant, and then a vowel. The computer will then combine the two consonants into a single combined character. For example, typing kka produces the combined consonant ക്ക.
In the following table you can see examples of how to type the different vowels with the consonant ക. For a table of all the normal Malayalam characters and how to type them, click here.
If you see squares when you type, or the Malayalam characters do not appear correctly, please read the KeymanWeb troubleshooting guide.
If a vowel does not combine with a consonant, make sure you have typed the consonant first. Also check that you have not typed another vowel already, or a standalone vowel, or the ് mark.
Related Keyboard Layouts
Other Keyboard Layouts for the Malayalam language:
Other Internet Resources
It is recommended that you use an English QWERTY hardware keyboard with this keyboard.
This keyboard complies with Unicode 5.1
The Mozhi Malayalam Keyboard is Copyright 2006 by Raj Nair. Tavultesoft gratefully acknowledges the contribution made by the authors in developing this keyboard and making it freely available for use with Keyman Desktop and KeymanWeb. Their effort assists in enabling people to communicate in their own language.
The Mozhi Malayalam Keyboard for Keyman Desktop and KeymanWeb is Copyright 2008 Tavultesoft. It may be freely distributed and used, but must not be modified or adapted in any way without written permission from Tavultesoft.
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