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Tibetan Unicode EWTS Keyboard Help

Keyboard © 2003 Linguasoft

Overview

Tibetan Unicode EWTS is based on the Extended Wylie Transliteration Scheme (EWTS), an approach that avoids most Shift, Alt, and Alt+Shift combinations.

Basic Function

Tibetan characters are created from Latin letters each time you type a vowel or a Space (tsheg). Special rules apply for long-stacks.

This keyboard also features:

  • Menus for extended Tibetan symbols; and
  • A direct Unicode input method

Latin + Cyrillic

You can type Latin and Cyrillic letters while using this keyboard. To use the Latin mode and get standard Latin output for any keystroke instead of Tibetan, type Esc first. Type Esc again to return to Tibetan. To use the Cyrillic mode, type EscEsc. Type Esc again to return to Tibetan.

Fonts

This is a Unicode keyboard and works with any Unicode font which has support for Tibetan script. The Tibetan Machine Uni font supports Tibetan script and is installed with the keyboard. To find other fonts on your computer which support this keyboard, use the Keyman Desktop Font Helper.

Keyboard Layout

Keyboard Details

This keyboard can be used to type:

Typing Tibetan Using EWTS

This keyboard automatically converts EWTS transliteration into Tibetan after you type a vowel or press Space.

Example: type bkr to see bkr. Type iSpace to get བཀྲི་.

Whether you should type a vowel or press Space will depend on whether you are typing a beginning, a standalone, or an ending syllable combination.

Beginning Combinations

Only certain combinations may begin a syllable in EWTS. To convert beginning combinations into Tibetan, you must type a vowel, not a Space. A beginning combination will not convert into Tibetan if you press Space.

Most beginning combinations use lowercase letters, but a few use uppercase letters. The following alphabetical list shows all the combinations which may begin a syllable in this keyboard:

Keys Character
'
'
'b འབ
'br འབྲ
'by འབྱ
'ch འཆ
'd འད
'dr འདྲ
'dz འཛ
'g འག
'gr འགྲ
'gy འགྱ
'j འཇ
'k འཀ
'kh འཁ
'khr འཁྲ
'khy འཁྱ
'ph འཕ
'phr འཕྲ
'phy འཕྱ
'th འཐ
'tsh འཚ
b
b
b.r བར
bc བཅ
bcw བཅྭ
bd བད
bdz བཛ
bg བག
bgr བགྲ
bgy བགྱ
bh བྷ
bhy བྷྱ
bj བཇ
bk བཀ
bkl བཀླ
bkr བཀྲ
bky བཀྱ
bl བླ
bld བལྡ
blt བལྟ
bm བམ
bn བན
bny བཉ
br བྲ
brd བརྡ
brdz བརྫ
brg བརྒ
brgy བརྒྱ
brj བརྗ
brk བརྐ
brky བརྐྱ
brl བརླ
brn བརྣ
brng བརྔ
brny བརྙ
brt བརྟ
brts བརྩ
bs བས
bsd བསྡ
bsg བསྒ
bsgr བསྒྲ
bsgy བསྒྱ
bsh བཤ
bsk བསྐ
bskr བསྐྲ
bsky བསྐྱ
bsl བསླ
bsn བསྣ
bsng བསྔ
bsny བསྙ
bsr བསྲ
bst བསྟ
bsts བསྩ
bt བཏ
bts བཙ
by བྱ
bz བཟ
bzh བཞ
bzl བཟླ
Keys Characters
c
c
ch
cr ཅར
D
D
d
d
db དབ
dbr དབྲ
dby དབྱ
dg དག
dgr དགྲ
dgy དགྱ
dh དྷ
dhr དྷྲ
dk དཀ
dkr དཀྲ
dky དཀྱ
dm དམ
dmy དམྱ
dng དང
dp དཔ
dpr དཔྲ
dpy དཔྱ
dr དྲ
drw དརྭ
dw དྭ
dz
dzh ཛྷ
dzr ཛྲ
g
g
g.y གཡ
gc གཅ
gd གད
gdz དཛ
gh གྷ
ghr གྷྲ
gl གླ
gn གན
gny གཉ
gr གྲ
grw གྲྭ
gs གས
gsh གཤ
gt གཏ
gts གཙ
gy གྱ
gz གཟ
gzh གཞ
gzl གཟླ
h
h
hr ཧྲ
hw ཧྭ
j
j
jn ཇན
k
k
kh
khr ཁྲ
khw ཁྭ
khy ཁྱ
kl ཀླ
km ཀམ
kr ཀྲ
kw ཀྭ
ky ཀྱ
l
l
lb ལྦ
lc ལྕ
ld ལྡ
lg ལྒ
lh ལྷ
lj ལྗ
lk ལྐ
lng ལྔ
lp ལྤ
lt ལྟ
lw ལྭ
Keys Characters
m
m
mch མཆ
md མད
mdz མཛ
mg མག
mgr མགྲ
mgy མགྱ
mj མཇ
mkh མཁ
mkhr མཁྲ
mkhy མཁྱ
mn མན
mng མང
mny མཉ
mr མྲ
mth མཐ
mtsh མཚ
my མྱ
N
N
n
n
ng
nr ནྲ
ny
p
p
ph
phr ཕྲ
phy ཕྱ
phyw ཕྱྭ
pr པྲ
py པྱ
r
r
rb རྦ
rd རྡ
rdz རྫ
rg རྒ
rgy རྒྱ
rj རྗ
rk རྐ
rky རྐྱ
rl རླ
rm རྨ
rmy རྨྱ
rn རྣ
rng རྔ
rny རྙ
rt རྟ
rts རྩ
rtsw རྩྭ
rw ཏྭ
S
Sh
s
s
sb སྦ
sbr སྦྲ
sby སྦྱ
sd སྡ
sdz སྫ
sg སྒ
sgr སྒྲ
sgy སྒྱ
sh
shr ཤྲ
shw ཤྭ
sk སྐ
skr སྐྲ
sky སྐྱ
sl སླ
sm སྨ
smr སྨྲ
smy སྨྱ
sn སྨ
sng སྔ
snr སྣྲ
sny སྙ
sp སྤ
spr སྤྲ
spy སྤྱ
sr སྲ
st སྟ
sts སྩ
Keys Characters
T
T
Th
t
t
th
thr ཐྲ
tr ཏྲ
ts
tsh
tshw ཚྭ
tsw ཙྭ
tw ཏྭ
ty ཏྱ
w
w
y
y
z
z
zh
zhw ཞྭ
zl ཟླ
zw ཟྭ

Standalone + Ending Combinations

Only certain combinations should standalone or end a syllable in EWTS. To convert standalone and ending combinations to Tibetan, you should type a Space, not a vowel. Typing a vowel after a standalone or ending combination usually causes the combination to convert incorrectly.

Most standalone or ending combinations use lowercase letters, but a few use uppercase letters. The following alphabetical list shows all the combinations which may standalone or finish a syllable in this keyboard. In most cases, syllables in the list are given in their standalone form and will look slightly different when typed at the end of a syllable as an ending combination:

Keys Characters
A
A ཨཱ
a
a
ab ཨབ
abs ཨབས
ad ཨད
ag ཨག
ags ཨགས
ak ཨཀ
al ཨལ
am ཨམ
ams ཨམས
an ཨན
ang ཨང
angs ཨངས
ar ཨར
as ཨས
a'
a'
a'am འམ
a'ang འང
a'angs འངས
a'i འི
a'o འོ
a'u འུ
e
e ཨེ
eb ཨེབ
ebs ཨེབས
ed ཨེད
eg ཨེག
egs ཨེགས
el ཨེལ
em ཨེམ
ems ཨེམས
en ཨེན
eng ཨེང
engs ཨེངས
er ཨེར
es ཨེས
e'
e'am ེའམ
e'ang ེའང
e'i ེའི
e'o ེའོ
e'u ེའུ
e'ur ེའུར
Keys Characters
I
I ཨཱི
i
i ཨི
ib ཨིབ
ibs ཨིབས
id ཨིད
ig ཨིག
igs ཨིགས
il ཨིལ
im ཨིམ
ims ཨིམས
in ཨིན
ing ཨིང
ings ཨིངས
ir ཨིར
is ཨིས
i'
i'am ིའམ
i'i ིའི
i'o ིའོ
i'u ིའུ
o
o ཨོ
ob ཨོབ
obs ཨོབས
od ཨོད
og ཨོག
ogs ཨོགས
ol ཨོལ
om ཨོམ
oms ཨོམས
on ཨོན
ong ཨོང
ongs ཨོངས
or ཨོར
os ཨོས
o'
o'am ོའམ
o'i ོའ
o'o ོའོ
o'u ོའུ
Keys Characters
U
U ཨཱུ
u
u ཨུ
ub ཨུབ
ubs ཨུབས
ud ཨུད
ug ཨུག
ugs ཨུགས
ul ཨུལ
um ཨུམ
ums ཨུམས
un ཨུན
ung ཨུངས
ungs ཨུངས
ur ཨུར
us ཨུས
ut ཨུཏ
u'
u'am ུའམ
u'ang ུའང
u'i ུའི
u'o ུའོ
u'u ུའུ

Tsheg + White Space

This keyboard includes two different tshegs. Typing Space creates a standard tsheg. To clear a standard tsheg, type Space again. For a non-breaking tsheg, type -. If you need to type multiple tshegs, you should use the non-breaking tsheg -. To get white space, type _.

Example: type Space for .

Example: type -- for ༌༌.

Example: type _ for white space.

Long Stacks

To create a Tibetan long stack, type + before typing the subjoined character. If a tsheg is present, you will need to clear it by typing Space. You may make a stack as long as you like.

Example: type saSpaceSpace+kSpace+ySpaceeSpace to get སྐྱེ་.

Basic Symbols

This keyboard also enables you to type a collection of basic Tibetan symbols, as follows:

Keys Characters
Numbers
Alt1
Alt2
Alt3
Alt4
Alt5
Alt6
Alt7
Alt8
Alt9
Alt0
Keys Characters
Punctuation
:
Space
/
// །།
;
[
|
!
]
`
Keys Characters
Punctuation
@
#
$
%
=
<
>
(
)
&
Keys Characters
Diacritics
~
[
] ༿
?
Other
_ White Space

Typing Extended Tibetan Symbols Using Menus

Tibetan Unicode EWTS includes menus to make it easier to type extended Tibetan symbols. To pull up a menu, type \ and the name of the menu. Then select a menu item by typing the number of the item.

Example: type \HALF to pull up the half-digits menu. Press 5 to get .

There are six menus with 2 to 10 items each:

Keys Menu Items
Main Menu
\MENU [1 LOGO 2 ASTR 3 HALF 4 CANT 5 SYMB]
Logotypes Menu
\LOGO [1༕ 2༖]
Astrological Signs Menu
\ASTR [1༗ 2༘ 3༙ 4༾ 5༿ 6࿏]
Cantillation Signs Menu
\CANT [1࿀ 2࿁ 3࿂ 4࿃]
Religious Symbols Menu
\SYMB [1࿄ 2࿅ 3࿆ 4࿇ 5࿈ 6࿉ 7࿊ 8࿋ 9࿌]
Half-digits Menu
\HALF [1༪ 2༫ 3༬ 4༭ 5༮ 6༯ 7༰ 8༱ 9༲ 0༳]

Typing Unicode Characters Using Hex Codes

You can directly input Unicode characters with this keyboard using \ plus the Unicode codepoint hex value. This is especially helpful for typing Tibetan characters not otherwise included in this keyboard.

Example: type \0fd1 for .

Unicode input is not limited to Tibetan characters

Example: type \2615 for ☕.

Typing Latin

Press the Esc key to enter Latin mode and type Latin characters while using this keyboard. A > symbol indicates the change into Latin mode and disappears when you start typing. The Latin mode keyboard follows the Windows US layout.

Example: type bkriSpaceEsc=Spacebkri to get བཀྲི་ = bkri.

To leave Latin mode, press Esc again.

Typing Cyrillic

Press EscEsc to enter Cyrillic mode and type Cyrillic characters while using this keyboard. A >> symbol indicates the change into Cyrillic mode and disappears when you start typing. Cyrillic mode uses the layout below. To leave Cyrillic mode, press Esc again.

Language Example

LanguagePhraseMeaningType the following keys
Tibetan, Centralབོད་སྐདName of languagebod sa  +k da bodSpacesaSpaceSpace+kSpacedaSpace

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