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Hindi Devanagari Phonetic (ITRANS)

Hindi Devanagari Phonetic (ITRANS)

Version 1.0.0

Hindi Devanagari Phonetic (ITRANS) Keyboard

This is a phonetic Devanagari (ITRANS) keyboard layout for Hindi. It is based on ITRANS transliteration scheme with some modifications. You can phonetically type using the modified ITRANS transliteration scheme on a regular QWERTY keyboard and get Devanagari Hindi output.

For example, the keys s a M s k R t a will output the word संस्कृत, l a x m I will output the word लक्ष्मी.

Keyboard layouts

The default and shifted layouts cover Devanagari digits, consonants, vowels and other commonly used characters.

Default (unshifted)

Default (unshifted) state


Shift state

Consonant conjuncts and consonants with the combining marks are generated by a combination of keys as described in the tables below.


The following table shows the English letters to type to get Devanagari consonants.

ka Ka/kha ga Ga/gha ~Na/Nga
ca/cha Ca/Cha ja Ja/jha ~na/Ya
Ta Tha Da Dha Na
ta tha da dha na
pa pha ba bha ma
ya ra la La va/wa
sha Sa/Sha sa ha क्k
क्षxa/kSa त्रtra ज्ञGYa/j~na

Consonants with nuktas

The following table shows the English letters to type to get Devanagari consonants with nuktas.

क़qa ख़Qa ग़Fa ज़za झ़Za ड़Wa ढ़Xa फ़fa

Vowels and Vowel Signs

In the following table, independent vowels, dependent vowel signs and vowel signs combined with the consonant 'k' are shown in ITRANS Sanskrit Vedic transliteration scheme on the top two rows. The third row shows Devanagari Vowels in their independent form on the left and their corresponding dependent form (maatraa or vowel sign) on the right. The fourth row shows the vowel sign combined with the consonant 'k' in Devanagari. 'ka' is without any added vowel sign, where the vowel 'a' is inherent.

a aa/A i ii/I/ee u uu/U/oo R e ai/ei o au/ou
aka aakaa/kA iki iikii/kI/kee uku uukuu/kU/koo RkR eke aikai/kei oko aukau/kou
का कि की कु कू कृ के कै को कौ

The following table shows additional vowel signs in Devanagari script in similar format as above.

E/ae O/aw [ ]
EkE/kae OkO/kaw [k[ ]k]
कॅ कॉ कॆ कॊ

Consonantal Diacritics

The consonantal diacritics are the final nasal anusvāra M, the final fricative visarga H (called अं aṃ and अः aḥ) and candrabindu/anunāsika ँ < (अँ). These consonantal diacritics follow the vowel signs including the implicit `a`. The following table shows consonant `k` followed by various dependent vowel signs and consonantal diacritics , and .

ka kA ki kI ku kU kR ke kai ko kau
M कं कां किं कीं कुं कूं कृं कें कैं कों कौं
H कः काः किः कीः कुः कूः कृः केः कैः कोः कौः
< कँ काँ किँ कीँ कुँ कूँ कृँ केँ कैँ कोँ कौँ


Consonant conjuncts are automatically formed, e.g. k t produces क्त्‌. The inherent a is only applied when followed by space. e.g. k t a or k t space produces क्त. To force an explicit virama at end of word, use ^ e.g. k t ^ space produces क्त्‌ .

A full (live) consonant with visible virama in middle of words can be typed using ^, e.g. k ^ S produces क्‌ष्.

Zero Width Non Joiner (ZWNJ)

To type a Zero Width Non Joiner, _ can be typed between the letters, for example: a _ i will generate अ‌इ.


Key Output Character Comment
, Devanagari Abbreviation Sign
,, , Comma
. DanDaa
.. . Period
... Double DanDaa
- - Dash
-- En Dash
--- Em Dash


  1. Press the number keys to type Devanagari digits. for example 9 produces .
  2. For typing the Arabic digits, press the number keys and then the backspace key, for example 9 Back space produces 9.

Special Symbols

Key Output Character Comment
\ U+093C NUKTA

All Documentation Versions

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