Keyboard Support

Contact and Search Homepage

Header bottom

On this page

Hindi Devanagari Phonetic (ITRANS)

Hindi Devanagari Phonetic (ITRANS)

Hindi Devanagari Phonetic (ITRANS) Keyboard Version 1.2.0

This is a phonetic Devanagari (ITRANS) keyboard layout for Hindi. It is based on ITRANS transliteration scheme with some modifications. You can phonetically type Hindi using the modified ITRANS transliteration scheme on a regular QWERTY keyboard and get Devanagari Hindi output.

For example, the keys s a M s k R t a will output the word संस्कृत, l a x m I will output the word लक्ष्मी.

Keyboard layouts

The default and shifted layouts cover Devanagari digits, consonants, vowels and other commonly used characters.

Default (unshifted)

Default (unshifted) state


Shift state

Consonant conjuncts and consonants with the combining marks are generated by a combination of keys as described in the tables below.


The following table shows the English letters to type to get Devanagari consonants.

ka Ka/kha ga Ga/gha ~Na/Nga
ca/cha Ca/Cha ja Ja/jha ~na/Ya
Ta Tha Da Dha Na
ta tha da dha na
pa pha ba bha ma
ya ra la La va/wa
sha Sa/Sha sa ha क्k
क्षxa/kSa त्रtra ज्ञGYa/j~na र्‍R (eyelash Ra - Marathi)

Consonants with nuktas

The following table shows the English letters to type to get Devanagari consonants with nuktas.

क़.ka ख़.kha ग़.ga ज़.ja झ़.jha ड़.Da ढ़.Dha फ़.fa
ऩ.na ऱ.ra ऴ.La य़.ya च़.ca

Vowels and Vowel Signs

In the following table, independent vowels, dependent vowel signs and vowel signs combined with the consonant 'k' are shown in the top two rows. The third row shows Devanagari Vowels in their independent form. The fourth row shows the vowel sign combined with the consonant 'k' in Devanagari. 'ka' is without any added vowel sign, where the vowel 'a' is inherent.

The last row shows their corresponding dependent form (maatraa or vowel sign). If there is a need to type ONLY the vowel signs, it can be done using `@` instead of a consonant. e.g. @A will output ा, @ai will output ै.

a aa/A i ii/I/ee u uu/U/oo RR e ai/ei o au/ou
k ka kaa/kA ki kii/kI ku kuu/kU/koo kRR ke kai/kei ko kau/kou
k का कि की कु कू कृ के कै को कौ
@ ि

The following table shows additional vowel signs used in Devanagari script.

\ E/ae O/aw W [ ] { } q Q z Z
k\ kE/kae kO/kaw kW k[ k] k{ k} kq kQ kz kZ
कॅ कॅ कॉ कॆ कॊ कॊ कꣾ कॏ कऺ कऻ कॖ कॗ

Consonantal Diacritics

The consonantal diacritics or vowel modifiers are the final nasal anusvāra M, the final fricative visarga H (called अं aṃ and अः aḥ) and candrabindu/anunāsika ँ MM (अँ). These consonantal diacritics follow the vowel signs including the implicit `a`. The following table shows consonant `k` followed by various dependent vowel signs and consonantal diacritics , and .

ka kaa/kA ki kii/kI/kee ku kuu/kU/koo kR/kRR ke kai/kei ko kau/kou
M/.n/.m कं कां किं कीं कुं कूं कृं कें कैं कों कौं
H कः काः किः कीः कुः कूः कृः केः कैः कोः कौः
MM कँ काँ किँ कीँ कुँ कूँ कृँ केँ कैँ कोँ कौँ


Consonant conjuncts are automatically formed, e.g. k t produces क्त्‌. The inherent a is only applied when followed by space. e.g. k t a or k t space produces क्त. To force an explicit virama at end of word, use ^ e.g. k t ^ space produces क्त्‌ .

A full (live) consonant with visible virama in middle of words can be typed using ^, e.g. k ^ S produces क्‌ष.

To type a Zero Width Non Joiner, _ can be typed between the letters, for example: a _ i will generate अ‌इ , k _ S will generate क्‌ष .

Zero Width Joiner (ZWJ)

To type a Zero Width Joiner, + can be typed between the letters, for example: k + S will generate क्‍ष , while kS generates क्ष.


Key Output Character Comment
,, Devanagari Abbreviation Sign
.. DanDaa
... Double DanDaa
-- En Dash
--- Em Dash


  1. Press the number keys to type Devanagari digits. for example 9 produces .
  2. For typing the Arabic digits, press the number keys and then the backspace key, for example 9 Back space produces 9.

Special Symbols

Key Output Character Comment

All Documentation Versions

Download this keyboard